Matthew 4 and Deuteronomy

In Matthew’s Gospel Jesus recapitulates Israel’s story (see Peter Leithart’s paper “Jesus as Israel: The Typological Structure of Matthew’s Gospel”). After Jesus’ 40 day fast, he is tempted by the Devil and resists using three quotations from Deuteronomy. This fits the canonical-narrative parallel given that the 40 days corresponds to Numbers wherein Israel wandered for 40 years, and then comes Deuteronomy. Jesus’ quotations from Deuteronomy match Deuteronomy’s canonical placement.

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